meet us!


Cause and Effect of The Intolerable Acts by ProfessorBob



The British believed that the colonists should have to pay some of the cost of the French and Indian War. Parliament taxed the colonists. The colonists didn’t like taxation without representation. The colonists kept having protests against taxes, leading to the Boston Tea Party. The British wanted the colonists to pay England back for all the tea that the colonists destroyed during the Boston Tea Party. Parliament also wanted more control over the colonies so it passed a series of acts, called the Coercive Acts, in 1774. These acts were to punish the colonists and bring them back into submission of the king. They included:

* The Boston Port Act (March 31, 1774) – closed the port until the colonists paid Britain back for the tea they dumped into the harbor.
* Massachusetts Government Act (May 20, 1774) – a town could only have a meeting if the Governor allowed them to have it.
* Administration of Justice Act (May 20, 1774) – British officials charged with a crime would be sent to England for their trial.
* The Quartering Act (June 2, 1774) – colonists could be forced to allow soldiers to use their homes for quarters.
* The Quebec Act (June 22, 1774) – extended the boundaries of Canada.

The colonies referred to these acts as the Intolerable Acts.


These Acts had many effects. The Massachusetts Government Act got rid of elected officials. Almost all of the government positions were to be appointed by the British and were under the seal of Great Britain. The Administration of Justice Act allowed the Governor of Massachusetts to transfer trials to Great Britain. The Boston Port Act closed the port until damages for the Boston Tea Party were paid back to Great Britain. This hurt Boston economically. Other colonies supported them in protest. These acts made the other colonies feel sorry for Massachusetts. Ordinarily, the colonies didn’t really work together but now they did. Boston wanted all the colonies to boycott British goods. Virginia proposed that the colonies meet to list their objections and decide what to do. This led to the First Continental Congress in Philadelphia, in September 1774. The Intolerable Acts were the last straw for Britain and the colonists, leading to the beginning of the American Revolution.