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Cause & Effect of Civil Rights Act of 1964 by Trixie

Name: Civil Rights Act of 1964

When: July 2, 1964

Who was involved: President John F. Kennedy; President Lyndon B. Johnson; Civil Rights Leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.; Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy; the United States House of Representatives; the United States Senate, and people from all racial, ethnic, religious, social, and economic backgrounds.

Cause: Civil Rights Act of 1875, Jim Crow Laws, people not being able to exercise their right to vote, educational and economic segregation between communities, equal access to education, the ability to go into public establishments, and the use of public transportation. Nonviolent protest by civil rights leaders and the March on Washington organizers and participants wanted members of Congress to support the Civil Rights Bill of 1963.

Effect: Voting rights, the right to public accommodations, which includes being able to go to restaurants, shopping in all stores, going to movie theatres, going inside of gas stations, and attending sporting events at sports arenas. Desegregation in public schools, the establishment of community relations, continuation of the Civil Rights Commission, nondiscrimination of federally assisted programs, and the establishment of the Commission of Equal Employment Opportunity. This guaranteed support for affirmative action programs which were beginning to support minority representation in schools, hiring, retiring, and contracts awarded to companies working with government agencies. This was also the first law to guarantee the equal rights of women.

Sources:

http://usinfo.state.gov/usa/infousa/facts/democrac/39.htm

http://faculty1.coloradocollege.edu/~bloevy/CivilRightsActOf1964/

Civil Rights Chronicle the African American Struggle for Freedom, Louis Weber, 2003.

The American President, Kundardt, Knuhardt, &Kundardt, 1999